Periodontal Treatment 101: All You Need to Know

Periodontal Treatment 101: All You Need to Know

Dec 01, 2020

Bleeding gums sometimes are caused by brushing your teeth too hard with a hard-bristled toothbrush. However, if you have unexplained gum bleeding, it could be a sign of infected gums, and you may want to visit a periodontist near you for assessment. Gum or periodontal disease is a common infection affecting mostly adults above 30 years.

Gum infection is not only treatable but preventable too. This post talks about the different stages and treatments of gum disease.

What is Periodontal Disease?

Gum disease is an inflammation of the gingivae, often caused by tartar. When you fail to brush your teeth properly, plaques may begin to buildup and eventually form tartar. The calculus gives room to the bacteria to multiply and cause inflammation in the gums.

Gum infection develops in stages:

  • Gingivitis is the first stage and usually has no symptoms. That is why it’s easy for the infection to go unnoticed in these initial stages. However, as the inflammation spreads, you may begin to experience unexplained gum bleeding, darkening and tender gums.
  • Periodontitis. It is the advanced gum infection that often affects the soft tissues and the supporting bone. Periodontitis causes recession of the gums, which in turn exposes the root of the teeth. You may experience lingering sensitivity, the formation of gum pockets, bad breath, and weakening of the teeth.

Without proper treatment, the gum infection can advance and damage the alveolar bone (it supports the teeth). This will affect the dental structure and lead to the loss of teeth. Furthermore, the inflammation can spread to the rest of the body and affect your overall wellness. Keep in mind gum disease has been linked to other health conditions like diabetes and heart disease.

How is Gum Disease Treated?

Several types of periodontal treatments are available based on the stage and severity of the condition. The treatments are grouped into surgical and non-surgical treatments.

1.Non-surgical 

These treatments are used when gum disease is in the initial stages. The treatments are less invasive, and they include:

  • Deep cleaning. Though professional cleaning is not a treatment for active gum disease, the dentist will recommend it if tartar is present to prevent gum disease development.
  • Medications. The periodontist may prescribe antibiotics to help control and get rid of the bacteria. These medications can either be oral, gels, or mouth rinses.
  • Scaling and root planning treatment. Scaling is the removal of the tartar from the surface of the tooth and beneath the gums. If you have gum pockets, then the dentist will perform root planning to reattach the gum to the teeth.

If these treatments fail or the diseases has advanced to periodontitis, surgical treatments may be more suited.

2.Surgical treatments 

You may require dental surgery to get rid of the infection and prevent further deterioration of the bone. Some of the procedures that may be performed include:

  • Flap surgery. This is a pocket reduction procedure that involves contouring the bone and reattaching the gums to the teeth’s surface. The primary goal of flap surgery is to close any gaps present and prevent bacteria from sneaking and causing inflammation.
  • Bone grafting. If periodontitis has destroyed the supporting bone, the dentist may perform a bone graft to stimulate new bone growth. Bone granules from your body or cadaver are used to promote bone growth.
  • Soft tissue graft. Gum infection may cause loss of the gum tissues. To regenerate the soft tissue, the dentist will perform a soft tissue graft.

This involves taking soft tissue matter from your palate or cheeks and reattach them to the affected area to cover the exposed roots and reverse gum recession.

How to Prevent Gum Disease?

Good dental hygiene is a sure way of preventing gum disease. But, more than that, you need to visit our periodontist in Merritt Island, FL, for professional deep cleaning to get rid of any plaque buildup. We recommend coming for a comprehensive checkup and routine cleaning every six months.

Schedule an Appointment 

Visit Your Family Dental if you have unexplained gum bleeding. Dr. Martin Megregian will do a dental assessment and recommend the appropriate periodontal treatment.

Book an Appointment